Preparation Period

Estrogen Hormone and Its Effect on Pregnancy

Written by: Amicis

Hormon Estrogen dan Pengaruhnya Terhadap Kehamilan

rospective mommy must understand how to maintain the pregnancy. This should be done as early as possible. Maintaining the pregnancy will prevent mommy and baby from pregnancy disorders and make the delivery process smooth. One that is important to understand is the estrogen hormone.

The hormone has a great influence on the pregnancy. This hormone is usually also called sex hormone. Hormones are present in both men and women, but estrogen is often associated with women. Estrogen raises many hallmark of female sexual maturity. This hormone was also influential in pregnancy, especially in the second trimester.

Mommy begins to feel significant changes of pregnancy in the second trimester. Pregnancy at this time is the most enjoyable time. This is because of nausea or morning sickness that often arises in the first quarter is gone. But the fatigue that arises in the third quarter has not yet appeared. In addition to feeling comfortable, usually mommy looks more radiant.

Starting from Week 14, the placenta pumps hormone production. One of the hormones pumped is estrogen. Estrogen turns out to play an important role for a healthy pregnancy. Here are some of the functions of estrogen:

  1. The estrogen hormone works to increase the blood flow to ensure nutrients to the fetus due to dilated blood vessels. This condition will last until the end of pregnancy.
  2. Estrogen thickens the lining of the uterus to prepare for implantation. It can also increase the size of the uterus. Changes in uterine size allow a maximum enlargement of the fetus.
  3. Estrogen also increases the white blood cells. The function of this increasing number is for the immune system. Therefore, mommy and baby’s health are maintained. However, when being pregnant, mommy’s body brings another life inside the womb. 
  4. It turns out that the function of estrogen does not only affect the pregnancy. Estrogen also serves as parturition. The estrogen hormone is the hormone that reduces the risk of bleeding. But it turns out that the function can be negative, since estrogen can form blood clod in the body. There are parts of the body, such as legs that are in high risk. To reduce the risk, mommy should consult a doctor.