Toxoplasmosis is a parasitic disease caused by the protozoan toxoplasma gondii, which can be transmitted by cats. Toxoplasmosis in the form of tachyzoites is typically found in bodily fluids such as blood, saliva and semen, which can be transmitted through insect bites. Tachyzoites can be lodged in prospective ovum or milk glands so either the ovum or the breast milk may be infected with toxoplasma. The transmission can also occur through blood transfusions or organ transplants carrying toxoplasma cysts. Heart, kidney, and liver transplant can become a means of transmission of toxoplasma.
Basically, humans are immune against the toxoplasmosis infection. Although infected (bacteria get into the body), it does not cause disease symptoms. If the body is strong, then the parasite will be quiet and does not cause symptoms. Cysts will cause symptoms if the condition of the body is weak, decreased immunity, malnutrition, and in a state of stress. Tissue cysts in the body can damage organs.
Based on certain studies, if pregnant women are infected with toxoplasmosis, there is 40% possibility of having an infected baby, and the second with 17% possibility of miscarriage or pre-term birth. About 90% of infants will be born normally but likely to suffer from impaired vision or even worse, blindness, after a few months or years after birth. Another possibility with a percentage of 10% of infants will suffer from hearing loss.
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