Nutrition For Pregnant Women

Written by: Amicis

Nutrisi Wajib Ibu Hamil untuk Tumbuh Kembang Janin

Pregnant women need more food than usual. In addition to her needs, pregnant women should also eat for fetus. So that the fetus can develop good, foods pregnant women should meet the nutritional needs of the following: 

1 Calorie. 

Caloric intake must be increased 300 to 400 kcal per day during pregnancy. The extra calories should be obtained from sources that vary according to the diet four of five perfectly healthy. 

Folic Acid 2. 

Embryo fetus requires a lot of folic acid for the formation of the nervous system and cells. Additional 400 micrograms of folic acid per day is required during the first trimester of pregnancy. Folic acid deficiency can result in the fetus are not fully developed so that being born with congenital abnormalities such as anenchephaly (without cranium), spina bifida (the spine is not contiguous) and cleft lip. Folic acid is found in many brown rice, green vegetables and fruits. 

3 Protein. 

Protein is also necessary for the formation of cells and blood. Pregnant women need 60 grams of protein per day (10 grams more than usual), which can be obtained from meat, fish, egg whites, beans, tofu and tempeh. 

4 Calcium. 

Consumption of calcium 1000 mg / day is required to maintain the growth of bones and teeth, muscle contraction and nervous system. 

5. Vitamin A. 

Beneficial for the maintenance of skin, eye function and bone growth. However, consumption of vitamin A should not be excessive because it can interfere with the growth of the embryo. 

6 Iron. 

For blood formation. Iron deficiency anemia will result in dangerous for mother and baby 

7 Vitamin C. 

Helpful facilitate the absorption of iron by the body, in addition to maintaining healthy teeth and gums. 

8 Vitamin D. 

Vitamin D is useful for bone formation. 

9. Choline 

Choline is generally useful to maintain a healthy body. If maternal choline deficiency, akibanya is an interruption of the fetal brain. Consumption of choline appropriate for pregnant women is 400 mg per day or drink 2 glasses of milk per day pregnant. 

10 Omega 6 (Linoleic acid) and Omega 3 (linolenic acid) 

Both of these substances in pregnant women is useful to increase the power of the brain and optic nerve. Additional functions for omega 3 is able to load the blood vessels to be flexible, to avoid plaque, and prevent arteries from clogging. Omega 3 can be found in fish oil, soybean, olive, and corn. Omega 6 can be found in sunflower seed oil, salfflower, cottonseed. Or you can find both of these substances in the milk of pregnant women with DHA are also included.